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4. How are VRE transmitted?

VRE are transmitted from a colonized patient to another patient through the contaminated hands of health care workers. Hands are contaminated when people care for patients or touch objects contaminated by patients (toilet, doorknob, light switch). The best protective strategy is handwashing by staff and patients.

The risk that a carrier will transmit VRE to family members – including pregnant women and children – is very slight. For healthy individuals, being a carrier does not involve any particular risk.

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